Supercurrent reversal in ferromagnetic hybrid nanowire Josephson junctions
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We report supercurrent transport measurements in hybrid Josephson junctions comprising semiconducting InAs nanowires with epitaxial ferromagnetic insulator EuS and superconducting Al coatings. The wires display a hysteretic superconducting window close to the coercivity, away from zero external magnetic field. Using a multi-interferometer setup, we measure the current-phase relation of multiple magnetic junctions and find an abrupt switch between pi and 0 phases within the superconducting window. We attribute the 0-pi transition to the discrete flipping of the EuS domains and provide a qualitative theory showing that a sizable exchange field can polarize the junction and lead to the supercurrent reversal. Both 0 and pi phases can be realized at zero external field by demagnetizing the wire.
|Physical Review B
|Number of pages
|Published - 13 Feb 2023
- TRIPLET SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, CRITICAL FIELD, INSULATOR