The University of Copenhagen is one of Europe's most renowned research institutions. The vision of UCPH is “to be among the world's best universities measured by the quality of research and education and to be recognised for excellence and intellectual creativity.”

The University of Copenhagen often ranks first among the Scandinavian universities in the international rankings, and the university's researchers attract large, prestigious grants. Nine of the university's researchers have received the Nobel Prize.

A wide-ranging evaluation conducted from 2016 to 2018 by international panels concluded that research at the university is at a very high to excellent level.