The association between alcohol consumption and contact sensitization in Danish adults: the Glostrup Allergy Study

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Background Population-based epidemiological studies have indicated that alcohol consumption is associated with IgE-mediated immune diseases (i.e. allergic rhinitis, asthma and urticaria). These studies have been strongly supported by several immunological studies. Furthermore, an inhibitory effect of alcohol consumption on the development of delayed-type hypersensitivity has been shown in healthy controls. However, a possible association between contact sensitization and alcohol consumption in a general population has never been reported. Objectives To investigate whether alcohol consumption is associated with contact sensitization in a general population. Methods In 1990, self-reported consumption of alcohol and patch testing results were assessed in 1112 subjects, aged 15-69 years, participating in a population-based cross-sectional study in Glostrup, Denmark. In 1998, they were invited to a follow-up and 734 were re-examined (participation rate 69.0%). Adjustment for potential confounders was performed by using logistic regression analyses. Results Women who reported no consumption of alcoholic drinks per week were more likely to develop contact sensitization (adjusted odds ratio 2.12, 95% confidence interval 0.98-4.61) during a 8-year follow-up period. A positive trend among women was detected (P = 0.045). Conclusions These data support the hypothesis that alcohol consumption leads to IgE-mediated immune responses rather than delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions. It is probable that alcohol consumption prevents the development of contact sensitization. Further epidemiological studies are warranted
Udgivelsesdato: 2008/2
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)306-312
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

ID: 10449975