Methodological Considerations in Development of UV Imaging for Characterization of Intra-Tumoral Injectables Using cAMP as a Model Substance

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A UV imaging release-testing setup comprising an agarose gel as a model for tumorous tissue was developed. The setup was optimized with respect to agarose concentration (0.5% (w/v)), injection procedure, and temperature control. A repeatable injection protocol was established allowing injection into cavities with well-defined geometries. The effective resolution of the SDi2 UV imaging system is 30–80 µm. The linear range of the imaging system is less than that of typical spectrophotometers. Consequently, non-linear cAMP calibration curves were applied for quantification at 280 nm. The degree of deviation from Beer’s law was affected by the background absorbance of the gel matrix. MATLAB scripts provided hitherto missing flexibility with respect to definition and utilization of quantification zones, contour lines facilitating visualization, and automated, continuous data analysis. Various release patterns were observed for an aqueous solution and in situ forming Pluronic F127 hydrogel and PLGA implants containing cAMP as a model for STING ligands. The UV imaging and MATLAB data analysis setup constituted a significant technical development in terms of visualizing behavior for injectable formulations intended for intra-tumoral delivery, and, thereby, a step toward establishment of a bio-predictive in vitro release-testing method.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3599
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number7
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges, Opportunities, and Innovation in Local Drug Delivery.

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