Kinetics of reaction of peroxynitrite with selenium- and sulfur-containing compounds: Absolute rate constants and assessment of biological significance

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Peroxynitrite (the physiological mixture of ONOOH and its anion, ONOO-) is a powerful biologically-relevant oxidant capable of oxidizing and damaging a range of important targets including sulfides, thiols, lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. Excessive production of peroxynitrite is associated with several human pathologies including cardiovascular disease, ischemic-reperfusion injury, circulatory shock, inflammation and neurodegeneration. This study demonstrates that low-molecular-mass selenols (RSeH), selenides (RSeR') and to a lesser extent diselenides (RSeSeR') react with peroxynitrite with high rate constants. Low molecular mass selenols react particularly rapidly with peroxynitrite, with second order rate constants k2 in the range 5.1×105-1.9×10M-1 s-1, and 250-830 fold faster than the corresponding thiols (RSH) and many other endogenous biological targets. Reactions of peroxynitrite with selenides, including selenosugars are approximately 15-fold faster than their sulfur homologs with k2 approximately 2.5×10M-1 s-1. The rate constants for diselenides and sulfides were slower with k2 0.72-1.3×10M-1 s-1 and approximately 2.1×10M-1 s-1 respectively. These studies demonstrate that both endogenous and exogenous selenium-containing compounds may modulate peroxynitrite-mediated damage at sites of acute and chronic inflammation, with this being of particular relevance at extracellular sites where the thiol pool is limited.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFree Radical Biology & Medicine
Pages (from-to)1049-1056
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

ID: 152247052