Effect of coagulation temperature on cooking integrity of heat and acid-induced milk gels

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Heat and acid-induced milk gels do not melt or flow upon heating and thus show great potential as a dairy-based protein source for cooking, e.g. for stews. Understanding how processing, e.g. acidification, affects the cooking behavior of these gels is therefore of great industrial interest. The cooking integrity of gels produced by rapidly acidifying milk using citric acid at temperatures of 60, 75, and 90 °C, was determined by analyzing composition, texture, and spatial water distribution before and after cooking. Increasing the acidification temperature from 60 to75 °C resulted in a significant reduction of yield, due to decreased moisture content of the gels. With increasing content of solids, the gels grew harder and denser, as observed by texture profile analysis and low-field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Upon cooking the 60 °C gel lost a significant amount of moisture, due to the contraction of the porous protein network. The more compact gels, prepared at 75 and 90 °C, did not lose mass indicating good cooking integrity, i.e. a gel that keeps its structure during cooking. Acidification temperature thus greatly influenced cooking integrity. The effect was mainly ascribed to the density of the gel texture, a result of the speed of protein aggregation and calcium recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112846
JournalFood Research International
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

    Research areas

  • Acidified milk, Calcium, Coagulation, Cooking integrity, Heat and acid-induced milk gels, LF-NMR

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