Assembly Rules and Dehydration Mechanism of an Unconventional Hydrate: On the Complexity of the Hydrates of Creatine Phosphate Sodium

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Unconventional hydrates with differently bound water molecules and related mazy intermolecular interaction networks need systematic investigation. The assembly rules, interaction analysis, and dehydration behavior can be dramatically more complicated when compared with those of common hydrates. In this work, creatine phosphate sodium (CPS) was selected as a model compound representing unconventional hydrates. The packing mode and the role of water molecules related to the dehydration mechanism were explored by the combination of experimental (diffraction, thermal, microscopy) and quantum chemistry computational (interplay visualization, binding energy calculation) methods. It was observed that in the structure of CPS heptahydrate and heminonahydrate, channel, isolated-site, and ion-associated water molecules exist simultaneously, constructing the framework via the coordination bond and hydrogen bond. The binding energy of some ion-coordinated water molecules is lower than that of hydrogen-bonded ones while that of some isolated-site water molecules is lower when compared with that of channel ones, which is counterintuitive. Moreover, the diverse types and locations of water molecules, complicated H2O···H2O interactions, and the trade-off between CPS···H2O and H2O···H2O lead to multistage, variable, and binding-energy-independent dehydration behavior. This work sheds light on the novel structure and variable dehydration mechanism of complicated hydrate systems and inspires the particularity and further investigation of unconventional hydrates.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1987-2000
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful for the financial support from the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City (no. 21JCYBJC00600). The authors further acknowledge funding from NordForsk for the Nordic University Hub project #85352 (Nordic POP, Patient-Oriented Products). The authors are also grateful for the funding from the China Scholarship Council (CSC, 202106250137).

ID: 339331259