Antimicrobial activity of a phage mixture and a lactic acid bacterium against staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitis

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The antimicrobial activity of a phagemixture and a lactic acid bacteriumagainst Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bovine origin was investigated in vitro with regard to possible applications in the therapy of udder inflammation (mastitis) caused by bacterial infections. The S. aureus isolates used for inoculation derived from quarter foremilk samples of mastitis cases. For the examination of the antimicrobial activity, the reduction of the S. aureus germ density was determined [log10 cfu/mL]. The phage mixture consisted of the three obligatory lytic and S. aureus-specific phages STA1. ST29, EB1. ST11 and EB1. ST27 (1:1:1). The selected Lactobacillus plantarum strain with proven antimicrobial properties and the phage mixture were tested against S. aureus in milk, both alone and in combination. The application of the lactic acid bacterium showed only a low reduction ability for a 24 h incubation period. The bacteriophage mixture as well as its combination with the lactic acid bacterium showed high antimicrobial activity against S. aureus for a 24 h incubation period at 37 °C, with only the phage mixture showing significance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalVeterinary Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Bacteriophage mixture, Bovine mastitis, Dairy, Lactic acid bacterium, Lytic phage, Phage therapy, Staphylococcus aureus

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