Risk factors for survival in a university hospital population of dogs with epilepsy

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BACKGROUND: Although a common neurological disorder in dogs, long-term outcome of epilepsy is sparsely documented.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate risk factors for survival and duration of survival in a population of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy or epilepsy associated with a known intracranial cause.

ANIMALS: One hundred and two client owned dogs; 78 dogs with idiopathic epilepsy and 24 dogs with epilepsy associated with a known intracranial cause.

METHODS: A retrospective hospital based study with follow-up. Dogs diagnosed with epilepsy between 2002 and 2008 were enrolled in the study. Owners were interviewed by telephone using a structured questionnaire addressing epilepsy status, treatment, death/alive, and cause of death.

RESULTS: Median life span was 7.6 years, 9.2 years, and 5.8 years for all dogs, and dogs with idiopathic epilepsy or dogs with epilepsy associated with a known intracranial cause (P <.001), (aed's) (median: (p=".056).</p" 35 38.5 67.5 71 a after antiepileptic because compared decreased did dogs drugs epilepsy euthanized for had idiopathic index influence intact male months) months). negatively neutered not of other reasons respectively. seizure shorter significant significantly survival time to treatment two was with>

CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Dogs with idiopathic epilepsy can in many cases expect a life span close to what is reported for dogs in general. In dogs where mono-therapy is not sufficient, the need for treatment with two AED's is not linked to a poor prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1782-1788
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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