Origin of surface and subband states at the InAs(111)A surface

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The atomic structure of surfaces and interfaces plays a vital role in the electronic quality and properties of quantum devices. The interplay between the surface and confined bulk subband states in terms of their susceptibility has been investigated in relation to crystal defects on an InAs(111)A-(2×2) reconstructed surface, using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. We measure the two-dimensional quantized subband states arising from the confined potential imposed by downward bending of the conduction band edge. Furthermore, we show evidence of the existence of surface Bloch states within the confined bulk band gap projected on the surface spectrum which have originated from the surface reconstruction. As expected, larger confined bulk band gaps at the surface and conduction band offset are measured to be 0.58 and 0.31 eV, respectively. We further show the scattering of these quantum states at different surface defects and demonstrate that surface states are more susceptible to the defect potential when compared with the corresponding subband states. This apparent contrast follows from the length scale at which these defect potentials actively interact on or near the surface. Our observed experimental results are supported by empirical tight-binding simulations for the subband states and first-principles density functional theory simulations for the surface states present on the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066201
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number6
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2023

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