What factors are most important for the development of the maternal-fetal relationship? A prospective study among pregnant women in Danish general practice

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Background: Development of the maternal antenatal attachment (MAA) constitutes an important aspect of the transition into motherhood. Early identification of women at risk of developing a poor MAA provides possibilities for preventive interventions targeting maternal mental health and the emerging mother-infant relationship. In this study, we investigate the relative importance of an extensive set of psychosocial, pregnancy-related, and physiological factors measured in the first trimester of pregnancy for MAA measured in third trimester.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted among pregnant women in Danish general practice (GP). Data were obtained in the first and the third trimester from pregnancy health records and electronic questionnaires associated with routine GP antenatal care visits. The Maternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (MAAS) was used to assess maternal antenatal attachment. The relative importance of potential determinants of maternal antenatal attachment was assessed by the relative contribution of each factor to the fit (R-2) calculated from multivariable regression models.

Results: The sample consisted of 1328 women. Low antenatal attachment (Total MAAS

Conclusion: Pregnant women reporting lack of social support and general low physical and mental well-being early in pregnancy may be at risk for developing a poor MAA. An approach targeting both psychosocial and physiological well-being may positively influence expectant mothers' successful adaptation to motherhood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalBMC Psychology
Issue number1
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • Maternal antenatal attachment, Pregnant, General practice, Cohort, Risk factors, Pregnancy-related symptoms, PRENATAL ATTACHMENT, ANTENATAL ATTACHMENT, DUTCH VERSION, INFANT, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, MOTHERS, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, ASSOCIATION, PREDICTORS

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