Urea transport in human red blood cells: Donor variation compared to chloride, glucose, and water transport

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We determined the permeability (P, cm/s) of unmodified human red blood cells (HRBC) to urea (Pu), chloride (PCl), glucose (Pglu), and water diffusion (Pd) under conditions of self-exchange (SE) with the continuous flow tube method at pH 7.2, 25°C. Among 24 donors, Pu at 1 mM varied >100%. Two of the donors were also tested in 1983. Their Pu had decreased by 77 and 90%. High age in males and Kidd genotype Jk(a+,b+), but not blood types AB0, appear related to low Pu. For one of the two donors, PCl (150 mM, 38°C, pH 7.2), Pglu (1 mM, 38°C, pH 7.2), and Pd (55.5 M, 25°C, pH 7.2) were determined then and now and showed no significant changes with age. The results from six more donors show donor PCl, Pglu, and Pd in the range of ≈1%. PCl and Pglu are vital for the metabolism of cells and tissues, and we see but little donor variation, and so far, no phenotypes without glucose (GLUT1) and anion (AE1) transporters in HRBC. Phenotypes with no urea transporter (UT-B) or no water transporters (aquaporin, AQP1) are registered and are compatible with life. Our results are in line with the concept that the solutes do not share pathways in common. The great donor variation in Pu must be considered in comparative transport physiological studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202213321
JournalThe Journal of general physiology
Issue number10
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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© 2023 Leifelt et al.

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