The Intergenerational Transmission of Education as a Positional Good: With an Application to Black and White Differences in Educational Rank Mobility Trends in the U.S.
Research output: Contribution to conference › Conference abstract for conference › Research › peer-review
However, despite its widespread popularity in comparative stratification research (Breen et al. 2009; Shavit and Blossfeld 1993; Shavit et al. 2007), the educational transition model has recently fallen into disfavor. Apart from issues caused by increasing selection on unmeasured characteristics in the transition model (Holm and Jæger 2011; Mare 1981, 1993), the magnitudes of the coefficients (log odds ratios) meant to capture allocation net of dispersion are not identified (Breen et al. Forthcoming; Cameron and Heckman 1998; Mare 2006). Consequently, the educational transition model is generally uninformative about differences in IEO between cohorts or countries and over transitions in the educational career.
In this paper, we devise a new approach that resolves the issues pertaining to the educational transition model and comparative research on IEO more generally. Our approach measures pure allocation net of dispersion in that we analyze the degree to which educational rank—i.e., one’s position in the educational distribution relative to all others in that distribution—is passed on over generations. Using data from the U.S. General Social Survey, we estimate the educational ranks of parents and offspring using an algorithm that allocates ranks conditional on information about the educational attainment of individuals in their respective generations. Given the resultant information on educational ranks, we employ methods developed in research on intergenerational income mobility (see, e.g., Mazumder 2011; Solon 1992) to study (1) trends in the educational allocation mechanism, (2) differences in the allocation mechanism according to groups such as race or gender, and (3) whether the allocation mechanism is stronger at the top or bottom of the educational rank distribution. Taken together, our approach resolves issues inherent in the educational transition framework by providing new tools for studying change in the mechanism of educational transmission, including identifying where in the educational distribution and for whom potential change is brought about.
|Publication date||8 May 2014|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 8 May 2014|
|Event||Spring Meeting of ISA RC28 - Budapest, Hungary|
Duration: 8 May 2014 → 10 May 2014
|Conference||Spring Meeting of ISA RC28|
|Period||08/05/2014 → 10/05/2014|
Abstract presented at the Spring Meeting of ISA RC28, Budapest, May 8-11, 2014