Short-term hemodynamic effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in patients with severe aortic stenosis: A placebo-controlled, randomized study
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BACKGROUND: In patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors has previously been considered contraindicated. However, there is a lack of clinical evidence to confirm these potential hemodynamic risks and benefits.
METHODS: Forty-four patients with severe AS (aortic valve area <1 cm(2)) were randomized to treatment with trandolapril 22 mg daily/placebo (1:1). Right heart catheterization and echocardiography were performed at rest and during exercise at baseline and on day 3. Follow-up was performed before valve replacement or after a maximum of 8 weeks, when exercise echocardiography was repeated.
RESULTS: Compared with placebo, systolic blood pressure and systemic arterial compliance significantly changed at day 3 (-14 ± 11 vs -5 ± 13 mm Hg, P = .02, and 0.08 ± 0.16 vs -0.05 ± 0.86 mL/m(2) per mm Hg, P = .03, respectively). Changes in left ventricular end systolic volume (LVESV) was nonsignificant (-8 ± 9 vs -3 ± 11 mL, P = .17). At a median of 49 days of follow-up, changes in LVESV and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were even lower revealing significant differences between the groups (-7.8 ± 2.6 vs -0.5 ± 2.5 mL, P = .04, and -19 ± 7 vs 0.8 ± 6 pmol/L, P = .04, respectively). No episodes of symptomatic hypotension were noted, and other hemodynamic parameters remained unchanged.
CONCLUSION: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in severe AS caused a decrease in LVESV and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide with other hemodynamic parameters preserved both at rest and during exercise implying hemodynamic improvement with left ventricular unloading.
|Journal||American Heart Journal|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2014|
- Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Double-Blind Method, Echocardiography, Exercise Test, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Hemodynamics, Humans, Indoles, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Severity of Illness Index, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome