Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants

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Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants. / Rahmanto, Aldwin Suryo; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: I U B M B Life, Vol. 64, No. 11, 11.2012, p. 863-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rahmanto, AS & Davies, MJ 2012, 'Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants', I U B M B Life, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 863-71. https://doi.org/10.1002/iub.1084

APA

Rahmanto, A. S., & Davies, M. J. (2012). Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants. I U B M B Life, 64(11), 863-71. https://doi.org/10.1002/iub.1084

Vancouver

Rahmanto AS, Davies MJ. Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants. I U B M B Life. 2012 Nov;64(11):863-71. https://doi.org/10.1002/iub.1084

Author

Rahmanto, Aldwin Suryo ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants. In: I U B M B Life. 2012 ; Vol. 64, No. 11. pp. 863-71.

Bibtex

@article{68b4111d2757457f985e5683a516e521,
title = "Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants",
abstract = "Selenium is a trace element essential for normal physiological processes. Organic selenium-containing amino acids, such as selenocysteine (Sec) / selenocystine and selenomethionine (SeMet, the major dietary form), can provide antioxidant benefits by acting both as direct antioxidants as well as a source of selenium for synthesis of selenium-dependent antioxidant and repair proteins (e.g., glutathione peroxidases, thioredoxin reductases, methionine sulfoxide reductases). The direct antioxidant actions of these amino acids arise from the nucleophilic properties of the ionized selenol (RSe(-), which predominates over the neutral form at physiological pH values) and the ease of oxidation of Sec and SeMet. This results in higher rate constants for reaction with multiple oxidants, than for the corresponding thiols/thioethers. Furthermore, the resulting oxidation products are more readily and rapidly reversed by both enzyme and nonenzymatic reactions. The antioxidant effects of these seleno species can therefore be catalytic. Seleno amino acids may also chelate redox-active metal ions. The presence of Sec in the catalytic site of selenium-dependent antioxidant enzymes enhances the kinetic properties and broadens the catalytic activity of antioxidant enzymes against biological oxidants when compared with sulfur-containing species. However, while normal physiological selenium levels afford protection, when compared with deficiency, excessive selenium may induce damage and adverse effects, with this being manifest, for example, as an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes. Further studies examining the availability of redox-active selenium species and their mechanisms and kinetics of action are therefore of critical importance in the potential development of seleno species as a therapeutic strategy.",
keywords = "Amino Acids, Animals, Antioxidants, Humans, Oxidation-Reduction, Selenium",
author = "Rahmanto, {Aldwin Suryo} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2012 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1002/iub.1084",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "863--71",
journal = "I U B M B Life",
issn = "1521-6543",
publisher = "Wiley Online",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidants

AU - Rahmanto, Aldwin Suryo

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

N1 - Copyright © 2012 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - Selenium is a trace element essential for normal physiological processes. Organic selenium-containing amino acids, such as selenocysteine (Sec) / selenocystine and selenomethionine (SeMet, the major dietary form), can provide antioxidant benefits by acting both as direct antioxidants as well as a source of selenium for synthesis of selenium-dependent antioxidant and repair proteins (e.g., glutathione peroxidases, thioredoxin reductases, methionine sulfoxide reductases). The direct antioxidant actions of these amino acids arise from the nucleophilic properties of the ionized selenol (RSe(-), which predominates over the neutral form at physiological pH values) and the ease of oxidation of Sec and SeMet. This results in higher rate constants for reaction with multiple oxidants, than for the corresponding thiols/thioethers. Furthermore, the resulting oxidation products are more readily and rapidly reversed by both enzyme and nonenzymatic reactions. The antioxidant effects of these seleno species can therefore be catalytic. Seleno amino acids may also chelate redox-active metal ions. The presence of Sec in the catalytic site of selenium-dependent antioxidant enzymes enhances the kinetic properties and broadens the catalytic activity of antioxidant enzymes against biological oxidants when compared with sulfur-containing species. However, while normal physiological selenium levels afford protection, when compared with deficiency, excessive selenium may induce damage and adverse effects, with this being manifest, for example, as an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes. Further studies examining the availability of redox-active selenium species and their mechanisms and kinetics of action are therefore of critical importance in the potential development of seleno species as a therapeutic strategy.

AB - Selenium is a trace element essential for normal physiological processes. Organic selenium-containing amino acids, such as selenocysteine (Sec) / selenocystine and selenomethionine (SeMet, the major dietary form), can provide antioxidant benefits by acting both as direct antioxidants as well as a source of selenium for synthesis of selenium-dependent antioxidant and repair proteins (e.g., glutathione peroxidases, thioredoxin reductases, methionine sulfoxide reductases). The direct antioxidant actions of these amino acids arise from the nucleophilic properties of the ionized selenol (RSe(-), which predominates over the neutral form at physiological pH values) and the ease of oxidation of Sec and SeMet. This results in higher rate constants for reaction with multiple oxidants, than for the corresponding thiols/thioethers. Furthermore, the resulting oxidation products are more readily and rapidly reversed by both enzyme and nonenzymatic reactions. The antioxidant effects of these seleno species can therefore be catalytic. Seleno amino acids may also chelate redox-active metal ions. The presence of Sec in the catalytic site of selenium-dependent antioxidant enzymes enhances the kinetic properties and broadens the catalytic activity of antioxidant enzymes against biological oxidants when compared with sulfur-containing species. However, while normal physiological selenium levels afford protection, when compared with deficiency, excessive selenium may induce damage and adverse effects, with this being manifest, for example, as an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes. Further studies examining the availability of redox-active selenium species and their mechanisms and kinetics of action are therefore of critical importance in the potential development of seleno species as a therapeutic strategy.

KW - Amino Acids

KW - Animals

KW - Antioxidants

KW - Humans

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Selenium

U2 - 10.1002/iub.1084

DO - 10.1002/iub.1084

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23086812

VL - 64

SP - 863

EP - 871

JO - I U B M B Life

JF - I U B M B Life

SN - 1521-6543

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 128974714