Quantitative Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Bleomycin in Skin Using a Mimetic Tissue Model for Calibration

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The aim of Quantitative mass spectrometry imaging (Q-MSI) is to provide distribution analysis and quantitation from one single mass-spectrometry-based experiment, and several quantitation methods have been devised for Q-MSI. Mimetic tissue models based on spiked tissue homogenates are considered one of the most accurate ways to perform Q-MSI, since the analyte is present in a well-defined concentration in a sample matrix highly similar to the one of the unknown sample to be analyzed. The delivery of drugs in skin is among the most frequent types of pharmaceutical MSI studies. Here, a mimetic tissue model is extended for use on the skin, which, due to its high collagen content, is different from most other tissue as the homogenates become extremely viscous. A protocol is presented which overcomes this by the addition of water and the handling of the homogenate at an elevated temperature where the viscosity is lower. Using a mimetic tissue model, a method was developed for the quantitative imaging of bleomycin in skin. To compensate for the signal drift and the inhomogeneities in the skin, an internal standard was included in the method. The method was tested on skin from a pig which had had an electropneumatic injection of bleomycin into the skin. Quantification was made at several regions in a cross section of the skin at the injection site, and the results were compared to the results of a quantitative LC-MS on a neighboring tissue biopsy from the same animal experiment. The overall tissue concentration determined by the LC-MS was within the range of the different regions quantified by the Q-MSI. As the model provides the results of the same order of magnitude as a LC-MS, it can either be used to replace LC-MS in skin studies where MSI and LC-MS are today carried out in combination, or it can add quantitative information to skin studies which are otherwise carried out by MSI alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1583
Issue number12
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding from the Independent Research Fund Denmark | Technology and Production (grant No. 9041-00203B), the Carlsberg Foundation (grant No. CF14-0214) and the Lundbeck Foundation (grant No. R307-2018-3318) is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

    Research areas

  • drug distribution, MALDI-MS, mass spectrometry imaging, quantitation

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