Proteomic mapping reveals dysregulated angiogenesis in the cerebral arteries of rats with early-onset hypertension

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Hypertension is associated with the presence of vascular abnormalities, including remodeling and rarefaction. These processes play an important role in cerebrovascular disease development; however, the mechanistic changes leading to these diseases are not well characterized. Using data-independent acquisition–based mass spectrometry analysis, here we determined the protein changes in cerebral arteries in pre- and early-onset hypertension from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), a model that resembles essential hypertension in humans. Our analysis identified 125 proteins with expression levels that were significantly upregulated or downregulated in 12-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats compared to normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats. Using an angiogenesis enrichment analysis, we further identified a critical imbalance in angiogenic proteins that promoted an anti-angiogenic profile in cerebral arteries at early onset of hypertension. In a comparison to previously published data, we demonstrate that this angiogenic imbalance is not present in mesenteric and renal arteries from age-matched SHRs. Finally, we identified two proteins (Fbln5 and Cdh13), whose expression levels were critically altered in cerebral arteries compared to the other arterial beds. The observation of an angiogenic imbalance in cerebral arteries from the SHR reveals critical protein changes in the cerebrovasculature at the early onset of hypertension and provides novel insights into the early pathology of cerebrovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105221
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1-16
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

    Research areas

  • angiogenesis, cerebral arteries, cerebrovascular disease, DIA-MS, hypertension

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