Next-Generation Sequencing-Based Detection of Germline Copy Number Variations in BRCA1/BRCA2: Validation of a One-Step Diagnostic Workflow

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Genetic testing of BRCA1/2 includes screening for single nucleotide variants and small insertions/deletions and for larger copy number variations (CNVs), primarily by Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). With the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS), it has become feasible to provide CNV information and sequence data using a single platform. We report the use of NGS gene panel sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform and JSI SeqPilot SeqNext software to call germline CNVs in BRCA1 and BRCA2. For validation 18 different BRCA1/BRCA2 CNVs previously identified by MLPA in 48 Danish breast and/or ovarian cancer families were analyzed. Moreover, 120 patient samples previously determined as negative for BRCA1/BRCA2 CNVs by MLPA were included in the analysis. Comparison of the NGS data with the data from MLPA revealed that the sensitivity was 100%, whereas the specificity was 95%. Taken together, this study validates a one-step bioinformatics work-flow to call germline BRCA1/2 CNVs using data obtained by NGS of a breast cancer gene panel. The work-flow represents a robust and easy-to-use method for full BRCA1/2 screening, which can be easily implemented in routine diagnostic testing and adapted to genes other than BRCA1/2.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of molecular diagnostics : JMD
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)809-816
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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