Myeloperoxidase Modulates Hydrogen Peroxide Mediated Cellular Damage in Murine Macrophages

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Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is involved in the development of many chronic inflammatory diseases, in addition to its key role in innate immune defenses. This is attributed to the excessive production of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) by MPO at inflammatory sites, which causes tissue damage. This has sparked wide interest in the development of therapeutic approaches to prevent HOCl-induced cellular damage including supplementation with thiocyanate (SCN-) as an alternative substrate for MPO. In this study, we used an enzymatic system composed of glucose oxidase (GO), glucose, and MPO in the absence and presence of SCN-, to investigate the effects of generating a continuous flux of oxidants on macrophage cell function. Our studies show the generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by glucose and GO results in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in metabolic activity and cell viability, and the activation of stress-related signaling pathways. Interestingly, these damaging effects were attenuated by the addition of MPO to form HOCl. Supplementation with SCN-, which favors the formation of hypothiocyanous acid, could reverse this effect. Addition of MPO also resulted in upregulation of the antioxidant gene, NAD(P)H:quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1. This study provides new insights into the role of MPO in the modulation of macrophage function, which may be relevant to inflammatory pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1255
JournalAntioxidants
Volume9
Issue number12
Number of pages14
ISSN2076-3921
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • hypochlorous acid, hypothiocyanous acid, thiocyanate, glucose oxidase, inflammation, atherosclerosis, macrophage, HYPOCHLOROUS ACID, HYPOTHIOCYANOUS ACID, COMPARATIVE REACTIVITY, CYSTIC-FIBROSIS, THIOCYANATE, OXIDANTS, STRESS, CELLS, ACTIVATION, MECHANISMS

ID: 256934774