Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil. / Johnsen, Anders R; de Lipthay, Julia R; Sørensen, Søren J; Ekelund, Flemming; Christensen, Peter; Andersen, Ole; Karlson, Ulrich; Jacobsen, Carsten S.

In: Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2006, p. 535-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Johnsen, AR, de Lipthay, JR, Sørensen, SJ, Ekelund, F, Christensen, P, Andersen, O, Karlson, U & Jacobsen, CS 2006, 'Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil.', Environmental Microbiology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 535-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00935.x

APA

Johnsen, A. R., de Lipthay, J. R., Sørensen, S. J., Ekelund, F., Christensen, P., Andersen, O., ... Jacobsen, C. S. (2006). Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil. Environmental Microbiology, 8(3), 535-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00935.x

Vancouver

Johnsen AR, de Lipthay JR, Sørensen SJ, Ekelund F, Christensen P, Andersen O et al. Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil. Environmental Microbiology. 2006;8(3):535-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00935.x

Author

Johnsen, Anders R ; de Lipthay, Julia R ; Sørensen, Søren J ; Ekelund, Flemming ; Christensen, Peter ; Andersen, Ole ; Karlson, Ulrich ; Jacobsen, Carsten S. / Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil. In: Environmental Microbiology. 2006 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 535-45.

Bibtex

@article{38b4c9d0b4b711ddb04f000ea68e967b,
title = "Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil.",
abstract = "Diffuse pollution with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) of topsoil in urban regions has caused increasing concerns in recent years. We simulated diffuse pollution of soil in microcosms by spiking sandy topsoil (A-horizon) and coarse, mineral subsoil (C-horizon) with street dust (PM63) isolated from municipal street sweepings from central Copenhagen. The microbial communities adapted to PAH degradation in microcosms spiked with street dust in both A-horizon and C-horizon soils, in spite of low PAH-concentrations. The increased potential for PAH degradation was demonstrated on several levels: by slowly diminishing PAH-concentrations, increased mineralization of 14C-PAHs, increasing numbers of PAH degraders and increased prevalence of nah and pdo1 PAH degradation genes, i.e. the microbial communities quickly adapted to PAH degradation. Three- and 4-ring PAHs from the street dust were biodegraded to some extent (10-20{\%}), but 5- and 6-ring PAHs were not biodegraded in spite of frequent soil mixing and high PAH degradation potentials. In addition to biodegradation, leaching of 2-, 3- and 4-ring PAHs from the A-horizon to the C-horizon seems to reduce PAH-levels in surface soil. Over time, levels of 2-, 3- and 4-ring PAHs in surface soil may reach equilibrium between input and the combination of biodegradation and leaching. However, levels of the environmentally critical 5- and 6-ring PAHs will probably continue to rise. We presume that sorption to black carbon particles is responsible for the persistence and low bioaccessibility of 5- and 6-ring PAHs in diffusely polluted soil.",
author = "Johnsen, {Anders R} and {de Lipthay}, {Julia R} and S{\o}rensen, {S{\o}ren J} and Flemming Ekelund and Peter Christensen and Ole Andersen and Ulrich Karlson and Jacobsen, {Carsten S}",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Bacteria; Biodegradation, Environmental; Carbon Radioisotopes; Colony Count, Microbial; Denmark; Dioxygenases; Dust; Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; Protozoa; Soil Microbiology; Soil Pollutants",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00935.x",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "535--45",
journal = "Environmental Microbiology",
issn = "1462-2912",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microbial degradation of street dust polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in microcosms simulating diffuse pollution of urban soil.

AU - Johnsen, Anders R

AU - de Lipthay, Julia R

AU - Sørensen, Søren J

AU - Ekelund, Flemming

AU - Christensen, Peter

AU - Andersen, Ole

AU - Karlson, Ulrich

AU - Jacobsen, Carsten S

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Bacteria; Biodegradation, Environmental; Carbon Radioisotopes; Colony Count, Microbial; Denmark; Dioxygenases; Dust; Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; Protozoa; Soil Microbiology; Soil Pollutants

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Diffuse pollution with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) of topsoil in urban regions has caused increasing concerns in recent years. We simulated diffuse pollution of soil in microcosms by spiking sandy topsoil (A-horizon) and coarse, mineral subsoil (C-horizon) with street dust (PM63) isolated from municipal street sweepings from central Copenhagen. The microbial communities adapted to PAH degradation in microcosms spiked with street dust in both A-horizon and C-horizon soils, in spite of low PAH-concentrations. The increased potential for PAH degradation was demonstrated on several levels: by slowly diminishing PAH-concentrations, increased mineralization of 14C-PAHs, increasing numbers of PAH degraders and increased prevalence of nah and pdo1 PAH degradation genes, i.e. the microbial communities quickly adapted to PAH degradation. Three- and 4-ring PAHs from the street dust were biodegraded to some extent (10-20%), but 5- and 6-ring PAHs were not biodegraded in spite of frequent soil mixing and high PAH degradation potentials. In addition to biodegradation, leaching of 2-, 3- and 4-ring PAHs from the A-horizon to the C-horizon seems to reduce PAH-levels in surface soil. Over time, levels of 2-, 3- and 4-ring PAHs in surface soil may reach equilibrium between input and the combination of biodegradation and leaching. However, levels of the environmentally critical 5- and 6-ring PAHs will probably continue to rise. We presume that sorption to black carbon particles is responsible for the persistence and low bioaccessibility of 5- and 6-ring PAHs in diffusely polluted soil.

AB - Diffuse pollution with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) of topsoil in urban regions has caused increasing concerns in recent years. We simulated diffuse pollution of soil in microcosms by spiking sandy topsoil (A-horizon) and coarse, mineral subsoil (C-horizon) with street dust (PM63) isolated from municipal street sweepings from central Copenhagen. The microbial communities adapted to PAH degradation in microcosms spiked with street dust in both A-horizon and C-horizon soils, in spite of low PAH-concentrations. The increased potential for PAH degradation was demonstrated on several levels: by slowly diminishing PAH-concentrations, increased mineralization of 14C-PAHs, increasing numbers of PAH degraders and increased prevalence of nah and pdo1 PAH degradation genes, i.e. the microbial communities quickly adapted to PAH degradation. Three- and 4-ring PAHs from the street dust were biodegraded to some extent (10-20%), but 5- and 6-ring PAHs were not biodegraded in spite of frequent soil mixing and high PAH degradation potentials. In addition to biodegradation, leaching of 2-, 3- and 4-ring PAHs from the A-horizon to the C-horizon seems to reduce PAH-levels in surface soil. Over time, levels of 2-, 3- and 4-ring PAHs in surface soil may reach equilibrium between input and the combination of biodegradation and leaching. However, levels of the environmentally critical 5- and 6-ring PAHs will probably continue to rise. We presume that sorption to black carbon particles is responsible for the persistence and low bioaccessibility of 5- and 6-ring PAHs in diffusely polluted soil.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00935.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00935.x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 16478459

VL - 8

SP - 535

EP - 545

JO - Environmental Microbiology

JF - Environmental Microbiology

SN - 1462-2912

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 8651135