LocText: relation extraction of protein localizations to assist database curation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


  • Juan Miguel Cejuela
  • Shrikant Vinchurkar
  • Tatyana Goldberg
  • Madhukar Sollepura Prabhu Shankar
  • Ashish Baghudana
  • Aleksandar Bojchevski
  • Carsten Uhlig
  • André Ofner
  • Pandu Raharja-Liu
  • Jensen, Lars Juhl
  • Burkhard Rost

BACKGROUND: The subcellular localization of a protein is an important aspect of its function. However, the experimental annotation of locations is not even complete for well-studied model organisms. Text mining might aid database curators to add experimental annotations from the scientific literature. Existing extraction methods have difficulties to distinguish relationships between proteins and cellular locations co-mentioned in the same sentence.

RESULTS: LocText was created as a new method to extract protein locations from abstracts and full texts. LocText learned patterns from syntax parse trees and was trained and evaluated on a newly improved LocTextCorpus. Combined with an automatic named-entity recognizer, LocText achieved high precision (P = 86%±4). After completing development, we mined the latest research publications for three organisms: human (Homo sapiens), budding yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), and thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana). Examining 60 novel, text-mined annotations, we found that 65% (human), 85% (yeast), and 80% (cress) were correct. Of all validated annotations, 40% were completely novel, i.e. did neither appear in the annotations nor the text descriptions of Swiss-Prot.

CONCLUSIONS: LocText provides a cost-effective, semi-automated workflow to assist database curators in identifying novel protein localization annotations. The annotations suggested through text-mining would be verified by experts to guarantee high-quality standards of manually-curated databases such as Swiss-Prot.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Pages (from-to)1-11
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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