High-resolution single-molecule long-fragment rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of bacterial and eukaryotic microbial communities

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Sequencing of hypervariable regions as well as internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) is broadly used to identify bacteria and fungi, but taxonomic and phylogenetic resolution is hampered by insufficient sequencing length using high throughput, cost-efficient second-generation sequencing. We developed a method to obtain nearly full-length rDNA by assembling single DNA molecules combining DNA co-barcoding with single-tube long fragment read technology and second-generation sequencing. Benchmarking was performed using mock bacterial and fungal communities as well as two forest soil samples. All mock species rDNA were successfully recovered with identities above 99.5% compared to the reference sequences. From the soil samples we obtained good coverage with identification of more than 20,000 unknown species, as well as high abundance correlation between replicates. This approach provides a cost-effective method for obtaining extensive and accurate information on complex environmental microbial communities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100437
JournalCell Reports Methods
Issue number3
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

    Research areas

  • amplicon, assembly, bacteria, co-barcoding, cost-effective, CP: microbiology, fungi, high-throughput, rDNA, sequencing

ID: 340545707