Effect of heat and heat acclimatization on cycling time trial performance and pacing
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review
- Racinais et al_Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise_2015_Vol 47(3)_601-606
Final published version, 220 KB, PDF document
Purpose: To determine the effects of heat-acclimatization on performance and pacing during outdoor cycling time-trials (TT, 43.4km) in the heat.
Methods: Nine cyclists performed 3 TTs in hot ambient conditions (TTH, ∼37ºC) on the first (TTH-1), sixth (TTH-2) and fourteenth (TTH-3) days of training in the heat. Data were compared to the average of two TTs in cool condition (∼8ºC) performed pre and post heat acclimatization (TTC).
Results: TTH-1 (77±6min) was slower (p=0.001) than TTH-2 (69±5min) and both were slower (p<0.01) than TTC and TTH-3 (66±3 and 66±4 min, respectively) without differences between TTC and TTH-3 (p>0.05). The cyclists initiated the first 20% of all TTs at a similar power output, irrespective of climate and acclimatization status; however, during TTH-1 they subsequently had a marked decrease in power output, which was partly attenuated following six days of acclimatization and further reduced after fourteen days. HR was higher during the first 20% of TTH-1 than in the other TTs (p<0.05), but there were no differences between conditions from 30% onward. Final rectal temperature was similar in all TTHs (40.2±0.4ºC, p=1.000) and higher than in TTC (38.5±0.6ºC, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Following two weeks of acclimatization, trained cyclists are capable of completing a prolonged TT in a similar time in the heat compared to cool conditions, whereas in the unacclimatized state they experienced a marked decrease in power output during the TTHs.
|Journal||Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- Faculty of Science - Exercise, Hot ambient conditions, Temperature, Acclimatization, Hyperthermia, Fatigue
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