Differential roles for neuropeptide Y Y1 and Y5 receptors in anxiety and sedation

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Central administration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) causes both anxiolysis and sedation. Previous studies suggest that both effects are mediated via NPY Y1 receptors. However, most of these studies were carried out before the advent of specific NPY receptor ligands. Therefore, a potential role for other NPY receptors in anxiety and sedation remains a possibility. In the present study, we addressed this issue by testing the effects of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of NPY as well as specific receptor agonists for the Y1 receptor ([D-His(26)]NPY), Y2 receptor (C2-NPY), and Y5 receptor ([cPP(1-7),NPY(19-23),Ala(31),Aib(32),Gln(34)]hPP) in the elevated plus maze and open field tests. As with NPY, the Y1 agonist had a dose-dependent anxiolytic-like effect in both behavioral tests. In contrast to NPY, which caused significant sedation in the open field test, the Y1 agonist was without sedative effect. The Y2 agonist showed neither anxiolytic-like nor sedative effects. The Y5 agonist showed anxiolytic-like activity in both behavioral tests and caused sedation in the same dose range as NPY in the open field test. These results indicate that anxiolytic-like effects of i.c.v.-administered NPY in rats are mediated via both Y1 and Y5 receptors, whereas sedation is mediated via Y5 receptors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)723-9
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2004

    Research areas

  • Analysis of Variance, Animals, Anxiety, Behavior, Animal, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Exploratory Behavior, Hypnotics and Sedatives, Injections, Intraventricular, Male, Maze Learning, Neuropeptide Y, Peptide Fragments, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled, Receptors, Neuropeptide, Receptors, Neuropeptide Y, Time Factors

ID: 33696872