A murine anti-human monoclonal antibody (19-DEJ-1) has been produced that binds to basement membranes (BMs) of the dermoepidermal junction and arrector pili muscles but not to either dermal glandular or vascular BMs. 19-DEJ-1 also recognizes BMs underneath epithelia of buccal mucosa, tongue, esophagus, cervix, and cornea, and BMs surrounding smooth muscle in medium-sized vessels, placenta, uterus, and esophagus. When 16 human fetal skins (aged 54-142 gestational days) were examined, the antigen was first detected at 81 days. Using immunoperoxidase and immunogold staining techniques, indirect immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated localization of 19-DEJ-1 to the level of the midlamina lucida, directly underneath hemidesmosomes; absent staining was noted beneath melanocytes. 19-DEJ-1 antigen was detectable in unfixed A431 cells grown on coverslips. After radioincorporation of 35S-methionine into A431 cells, 19-DEJ-1 monoclonal antibody specifically precipitated 2.75% of the total radiolabeled proteoglycans produced in culture supernatant and isolated by anion exchange chromatography. On the basis of our present findings, we conclude that 19-DEJ-1 monoclonal antibody defines a unique primate-specific proteoglycan that is present within BMs along the epithelial-connective tissue interface and around smooth muscle in skin and other selected organs. Its unique ultrastructural localization suggests the possibility that 19-DEJ-1 may recognize an antigenic epitope of either anchoring filaments or alternatively, the subbasal dense plate.
Keywords: Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antigens; Basement Membrane; Cells, Cultured; Desmosomes; Epithelium; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Humans; Immunoenzyme Techniques; Male; Microscopy, Electron; Precipitin Tests; Proteoglycans; Skin