Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr

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Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr. / Karstrup, Cecilia Christensen; Aalbaek, Bent; Klitgaard, Kirstine; Jensen, Tim Kare; Pedersen, Hanne Gervi; Agerholm, Jorgen Steen.

In: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, Vol. 59, 61, 09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Karstrup, CC, Aalbaek, B, Klitgaard, K, Jensen, TK, Pedersen, HG & Agerholm, JS 2017, 'Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr', Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, vol. 59, 61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0329-5

APA

Karstrup, C. C., Aalbaek, B., Klitgaard, K., Jensen, T. K., Pedersen, H. G., & Agerholm, J. S. (2017). Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 59, [61]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0329-5

Vancouver

Karstrup CC, Aalbaek B, Klitgaard K, Jensen TK, Pedersen HG, Agerholm JS. Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 2017 Sep;59. 61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0329-5

Author

Karstrup, Cecilia Christensen ; Aalbaek, Bent ; Klitgaard, Kirstine ; Jensen, Tim Kare ; Pedersen, Hanne Gervi ; Agerholm, Jorgen Steen. / Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr. In: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 2017 ; Vol. 59.

Bibtex

@article{aa29abe0be544ac4b5d65b669326ee73,
title = "Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr",
abstract = "BackgroundWhile fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria.Case presentationMicroscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages. Two of the cows were around 30 days pp, while the third was 7 months pp. None of the cows had been treated with antibiotics. Culturing of the flush samples was unsuccessful, but Sanger sequencing of DNA extracted from an endometrial biopsy of one of the cows revealed the presence of Candida kefyr (Kluyveromyces marxianus). Fluorescence in situ hybridization examination of endometrial tissue sections of two cows using probes targeting 18S rRNA of the K. marxianus group was performed and revealed the presence of yeast cells on the endometrium. Histology was performed and demonstrated hyphal and non-hyphal yeast-like organisms on the surface of endometrium and in the crypts. Tissue invasion was restricted to the superficial part of the epithelium and although endometrial inflammation was present, this was mild and considered as not being caused by the fungi. One of the cows became pregnant and delivered a normal calf at term, while the two others were not bred.ConclusionsCandida kefyr is commonly isolated from milk of cows with mastitis, but has not been reported in association with other diseases of cattle. The infection was present as a monoculture in all three cows, but the fungi had only colonized the uterine lumen and the endometrial surface. Only a mild non-suppurative endometrial inflammation was present, but within the uterine luminal content, many macrophages having phagocytized yeast cells were present. Re-examination of the cows did not reveal a persistent infection, so the infection probably resolved spontaneously.",
keywords = "Aetiology, Endometritis, Fungus, Kluyveromyces marxianus, Mycosis, Postpartum",
author = "Karstrup, {Cecilia Christensen} and Bent Aalbaek and Kirstine Klitgaard and Jensen, {Tim Kare} and Pedersen, {Hanne Gervi} and Agerholm, {Jorgen Steen}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1186/s13028-017-0329-5",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
journal = "Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Online)",
issn = "0044-605X",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Colonization of the bovine uterus by Candida kefyr

AU - Karstrup, Cecilia Christensen

AU - Aalbaek, Bent

AU - Klitgaard, Kirstine

AU - Jensen, Tim Kare

AU - Pedersen, Hanne Gervi

AU - Agerholm, Jorgen Steen

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - BackgroundWhile fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria.Case presentationMicroscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages. Two of the cows were around 30 days pp, while the third was 7 months pp. None of the cows had been treated with antibiotics. Culturing of the flush samples was unsuccessful, but Sanger sequencing of DNA extracted from an endometrial biopsy of one of the cows revealed the presence of Candida kefyr (Kluyveromyces marxianus). Fluorescence in situ hybridization examination of endometrial tissue sections of two cows using probes targeting 18S rRNA of the K. marxianus group was performed and revealed the presence of yeast cells on the endometrium. Histology was performed and demonstrated hyphal and non-hyphal yeast-like organisms on the surface of endometrium and in the crypts. Tissue invasion was restricted to the superficial part of the epithelium and although endometrial inflammation was present, this was mild and considered as not being caused by the fungi. One of the cows became pregnant and delivered a normal calf at term, while the two others were not bred.ConclusionsCandida kefyr is commonly isolated from milk of cows with mastitis, but has not been reported in association with other diseases of cattle. The infection was present as a monoculture in all three cows, but the fungi had only colonized the uterine lumen and the endometrial surface. Only a mild non-suppurative endometrial inflammation was present, but within the uterine luminal content, many macrophages having phagocytized yeast cells were present. Re-examination of the cows did not reveal a persistent infection, so the infection probably resolved spontaneously.

AB - BackgroundWhile fungal infections of the bovine uterus are well-known diseases in pregnant cattle, very limited knowledge exists on the presence and significance of fungi in the uterus of non-pregnant cows. Presence of fungi in the uterine lumen of postpartum (pp) cows has been reported, but little attention has been paid to this as most studies of the bovine pp uterus have focused on bacteria.Case presentationMicroscopy of uterine lavage cytology slides of three cows from one herd revealed the presence of numerous yeast-like organisms, which were located either free in the fluid or within macrophages. Two of the cows were around 30 days pp, while the third was 7 months pp. None of the cows had been treated with antibiotics. Culturing of the flush samples was unsuccessful, but Sanger sequencing of DNA extracted from an endometrial biopsy of one of the cows revealed the presence of Candida kefyr (Kluyveromyces marxianus). Fluorescence in situ hybridization examination of endometrial tissue sections of two cows using probes targeting 18S rRNA of the K. marxianus group was performed and revealed the presence of yeast cells on the endometrium. Histology was performed and demonstrated hyphal and non-hyphal yeast-like organisms on the surface of endometrium and in the crypts. Tissue invasion was restricted to the superficial part of the epithelium and although endometrial inflammation was present, this was mild and considered as not being caused by the fungi. One of the cows became pregnant and delivered a normal calf at term, while the two others were not bred.ConclusionsCandida kefyr is commonly isolated from milk of cows with mastitis, but has not been reported in association with other diseases of cattle. The infection was present as a monoculture in all three cows, but the fungi had only colonized the uterine lumen and the endometrial surface. Only a mild non-suppurative endometrial inflammation was present, but within the uterine luminal content, many macrophages having phagocytized yeast cells were present. Re-examination of the cows did not reveal a persistent infection, so the infection probably resolved spontaneously.

KW - Aetiology

KW - Endometritis

KW - Fungus

KW - Kluyveromyces marxianus

KW - Mycosis

KW - Postpartum

U2 - 10.1186/s13028-017-0329-5

DO - 10.1186/s13028-017-0329-5

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28915910

VL - 59

JO - Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Online)

JF - Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Online)

SN - 0044-605X

M1 - 61

ER -

ID: 186319429