Characterising the RNA-binding protein atlas of the mammalian brain uncovers RBM5 misregulation in mouse models of Huntington's disease

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RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are key players regulating RNA processing and are associated with disorders ranging from cancer to neurodegeneration. Here, we present a proteomics workflow for large-scale identification of RBPs and their RNA-binding regions in the mammalian brain identifying 526 RBPs. Analysing brain tissue from males of the Huntington's disease (HD) R6/2 mouse model uncovered differential RNA-binding of the alternative splicing regulator RBM5. Combining several omics workflows, we show that RBM5 binds differentially to transcripts enriched in pathways of neurodegeneration in R6/2 brain tissue. We further find these transcripts to undergo changes in splicing and demonstrate that RBM5 directly regulates these changes in human neurons derived from embryonic stem cells. Finally, we reveal that RBM5 interacts differently with several known huntingtin interactors and components of huntingtin aggregates. Collectively, we demonstrate the applicability of our method for capturing RNA interactor dynamics in the contexts of tissue and disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4348
JournalNature Communications
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2023

    Research areas

  • Mice, Male, Animals, Humans, Huntington Disease/genetics, Brain/metabolism, RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics, Disease Models, Animal, Mammals/genetics, RNA/metabolism, Huntingtin Protein/genetics, Mice, Transgenic, DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism, Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism, Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics

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