A brain-targeting lipidated peptide for neutralizing RNA-mediated toxicity in Polyglutamine Diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Qian Zhang
  • Mengbi Yang
  • Kasper K. Sørensen
  • Charlotte S. Madsen
  • Josephine T. Boesen
  • Ying An
  • Shao Hong Peng
  • Yuming Wei
  • Qianwen Wang
  • Jensen, Knud Jørgen
  • Zhong Zuo
  • Ho Yin Edwin Chan
  • Jacky Chi Ki Ngo

Polyglutamine (PolyQ) diseases are progressive neurodegenerative disorders caused by both protein- and RNA-mediated toxicities. We previously showed that a peptidyl inhibitor, P3, which binds directly to expanded CAG RNA can inhibit RNA-induced nucleolar stress and suppress RNA-induced neurotoxicity. Here we report a N-acetylated and C-amidated derivative of P3, P3V8, that showed a more than 20-fold increase in its affinity for expanded CAG RNA. The P3V8 peptide also more potently alleviated expanded RNA-induced cytotoxicity in vitro, and suppressed polyQ neurodegeneration in Drosophila with no observed toxic effects. Further N-palmitoylation of P3V8 (L1P3V8) not only significantly improved its cellular uptake and stability, but also facilitated its systemic exposure and brain uptake in rats via intranasal administration. Our findings demonstrate that concomitant N-acetylation, C-amidation and palmitoylation of P3 significantly improve both its bioactivity and pharmacological profile. L1P3V8 possesses drug/lead-like properties that can be further developed into a lead inhibitor for the treatment of polyQ diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12077
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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