Using the Cultural Formulation Interview in Denmark: Acceptability and clinical utility for medical doctors and migrant patients

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Previous studies have shown the importance of focusing on the cultural background of migrant patients in the psychiatric assessment. The Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) offers a patient-focused approach to foreground the cultural context of the patient in the clinical encounter. Our objective was to explore the acceptability and clinical utility of the CFI for physicians and its acceptability for migrant patients seen at a transcultural mental health clinic in Denmark. In this study, the CFI was used in a second session following the standard clinical assessment to explore what additional information was gained from the CFI. Data on the use of the CFI data were collected immediately after the interview with questionnaires for medical doctors (MDs) (N = 12) and patients (N = 71). The findings showed that the CFI, in addition to standard assessment, was useful to the MDs for planning the treatment (60.0%) and for exploring the patients’ view on their cultural and social context (74.7%), but less so for the diagnostic process (9.9%). Patients reported high overall satisfaction with the CFI (93.0%) and viewed it as a welcome opportunity to tell their story. The findings add to existing knowledge on the CFI in terms of acceptability for patients of a primarily Middle Eastern origin and patients using an interpreter during the CFI session. Based on the findings of this study, the CFI is recommended to clinicians for treatment planning purposes and for exploring the cultural and social context of the patient.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTranscultural Psychiatry
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)556-566
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • acceptability, clinical utility, Cultural Formulation Interview, migrants, psychiatric assessment

ID: 248229359