Spinal motoneurones are intrinsically more responsive in the adult G93A SOD1 mouse model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
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KEY POINTS: Although in vitro recordings using neonatal preparations from mouse models of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) suggest increased motoneurone excitability, in vivo recordings in adult ALS mouse models have been conflicting. In adult G93A SOD1 models, spinal motoneurones have previously been shown to have deficits in repetitive firing, in contrast to the G127X SOD1 mouse model. Our in vivo intracellular recordings in barbiturate-anaesthetised adult male G93A SOD1 mice reveal that the incidence of failure to fire with current injection was equally low in control and ALS mice (∼2%). We show that failure to fire repetitively can be a consequence of experimental protocol and should not be used alone to classify otherwise normal motoneurones as hypo-excitable. Motoneurones in the G93A SOD1 mice showed an increased response to inputs, with lower rheobase, higher input-output gains and increased activation of persistent inward currents.
ABSTRACT: In vitro studies from transgenic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis models have suggested an increased excitability of spinal motoneurones. However, in vivo intracellular recordings from adult ALS mice models have produced conflicting findings. Previous publications using barbiturate anaesthetised G93A SOD1 mice suggested that some motoneurones are hypo-excitable, defined by deficits in repetitive firing. Our own previous recordings in G127X SOD1 mice using different anaesthesia, however, showed no repetitive firing deficits, and increased persistent inward currents at symptom onset. These discrepancies may be due to differences between models, symptomatic stage, anaesthesia or technical differences. To investigate this, we repeated our original experiments, but in adult male G93A SOD1 mice at both presymptomatic and symptomatic stages, under barbiturate anaesthesia. In vivo intracellular recordings from antidromically identified spinal motoneurones revealed that the incidence of failure to fire with current injection was equally low in control and G93A SOD1 mice (∼2%). Motoneurones in G93A SOD1 mice fired significantly more spontaneous action potentials. Rheobase was significantly lower and the input resistance and input-output gain were significantly higher in both presymptomatic and symptomatic G93A SOD1 mice. This was despite a significant increase in the duration of the post-spike after-hyperpolarisation (AHP) in both presymptomatic and symptomatic G93A SOD1 mice. Finally, evidence of increased activation of persistent inward currents was seen in both presymptomatic and symptomatic G93A SOD1 mice. Our results do not confirm previous reports of hypo-excitability of spinal motoneurones in the G93A SOD1 mouse and demonstrate that the motoneurones do in fact show an increased response to inputs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|Journal||The Journal of Physiology|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.