Severe Postoperative Complications may be Related to Mesenteric Traction Syndrome during Open Esophagectomy

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BACKGROUND: During abdominal surgery, traction of the mesenterium provokes mesenteric traction syndrome, including hypotension, tachycardia, and flushing, along with an increase in plasma prostacyclin (PGI2). We evaluated whether postoperative complications are related to mesenteric traction syndrome during esophagectomy.

METHODS: Flushing, hemodynamic variables, and plasma 6-keto-PGF1α were recorded during the abdominal part of open ( n = 25) and robotically assisted ( n = 25) esophagectomy. Postoperative complications were also registered, according to the Clavien-Dindo classification.

RESULTS: Flushing appeared in 17 (open) and 5 (robotically assisted) surgical cases ( p = 0.001). Mean arterial pressure was stable during both types of surgeries, but infusion of vasopressors during the first hour of open surgery was related to development of widespread (Grade II) flushing ( p = 0.036). For patients who developed flushing, heart rate and plasma 6-keto-PGF1α also increased ( p = 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). Furthermore, severe postoperative complications were related to Grade II flushing ( p = 0.037).

CONCLUSION: Mesenteric traction syndrome manifests more frequently during open than robotically assisted esophagectomy, and postoperative complications appear to be associated with severe mesenteric traction syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Surgery
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

ID: 196372873