Proglucagon processing in porcine and human pancreas

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In the pancreas proglucagon (PG), a peptide precursor of 160 amino acids is cleaved to produce glucagon and a 30-amino acid N-terminal flanking peptide, but the fate of the C-terminal flanking peptide (99 amino acids) is incompletely known. We subjected acid ethanol extracts of human and porcine pancreases to gel filtration and analyzed the fractions with specific radioimmunoassays for the following regions of proglucagon: PG 62-69, PG 72-81, PG 78-87, PG 98-107 amide, PG 126-134, and PG 149-158. Based on these assays and successive purifications by high performance liquid chromatography we isolated and purified to homogeneity three porcine peptides which were subjected to mass spectrometry and sequencing. One peptide was PG 64-69. The second was PG 72-108, as determined by mass spectrometry, N-terminal amino acid sequencing, and specific radioimmunoassays. The third had a molecular size of approximately 10,000, an N-terminal sequence corresponding to PG 72-81, and a C-terminal sequence terminating at PG 158 (specific radioimmunoassay). A similar peptide with an identical N-terminal sequence, a C-terminal sequence corresponding to PG 146-158, and a molecular mass of 9969 (theoretical mass for human PG 72-158 = 9971) was isolated from human pancreas together with small amounts of a peptide corresponding to PG 72-107 amide. Thus, the pancreatic processing of the C-terminal flanking peptide in proglucagon includes the formation of equimolar (to glucagon) amounts of PG 64-69 and PG 72-158 (major proglucagon fragment) and smaller amounts of N-terminally extended glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) (PG 72-108 in pigs and PG 72-107 amide in humans).
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number29
Pages (from-to)18827-33
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1994

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Glicentin, Glucagon, Glucagon-Like Peptides, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Pancreas, Peptide Fragments, Proglucagon, Protein Precursors, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, Swine

ID: 243108