Parathyroid glands, calcium, and vitamin D in experimental fluorosis in pigs

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The purpose of this study was to determine whether total serum calcium, parathyroid gland structure, and/or levels of parathyroid hormone, 1,25 and 24,25 DHCC, are altered in pigs with dental and skeletal fluorosis. Eight experimental animals receiving 2 mg F-/kg b.w. per day from age 8-14 months were compared with eight controls. Concentrations of plasma fluoride and total plasma calcium were assessed at intervals throughout the experiment and during a 48 hour period at day 110-111 of the experiment. At the same time, concentrations of immunoreactive parathyroid hormone were measured using a homologous labeled antibody for porcine hormone, and a radioimmunoassay was used to assess concentrations of 1,25 DHCC and 24,25 DHCC. Parathyroid tissue volumes were assessed at the end of the experiment by quantitative histology using volumetry and point counting. Plasma fluoride increased from 0.0007 +/- 0.0001 mmol/liter to 0.0127 +/- 0.002 mmol/liter in pigs receiving fluoride. In spite of this increase, total plasma calcium remained the same throughout the experiment. Volumes of parathyroid tissue, and levels of circulating parathyroid hormone 1,25 DHCC and 24,25 DHCC, were not significantly changed. It was therefore concluded that disturbance of calcium homeostasis is not an obligatory finding in dental and skeletal fluorosis and consequently does not play an essential role in the pathogenesis of these hard tissue lesions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)222-6
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1986

    Research areas

  • Animals, Calcium/blood, Female, Fluorides/blood, Homeostasis/drug effects, Parathyroid Glands/anatomy & histology, Parathyroid Hormone/blood, Swine, Vitamin D/blood

ID: 324193769