Opposing impacts of HLA-G haplotypes PROMO-G010104-UTR-3 and PROMO-G010101b/c-UTR-4 on risk of recurrent implantation failure

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Henrieta Papúchová
  • Malene Hviid Saxtorph
  • Trine Hallager
  • Ida E Jepsen
  • Jens O Eriksen
  • Gry Persson
  • Tina Funck
  • Iben Weisdorf
  • Nicholas Macklon
  • Lise Grupe Larsen
  • Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F.

RESEARCH QUESTION: The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib molecules HLA-F and HLA-G are implicated in pregnancy success, but how do HLA-G and HLA-F genetic polymorphisms impact recurrent implantation failure (RIF)?

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study at a fertility clinic including a cohort of 84 women experiencing RIF and 35 IVF controls to assess the influence of HLA-G haplotypes and diplotypes and HLA-F single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on RIF.

RESULTS: Over-representation trends for HLA-F SNP genotypes rs1362126, rs2523405 and rs2523393, previously linked with a short time-to-pregnancy, were detected in female control groups compared with RIF patients with no identified pathology linked to infertility. The HLA-G promoter haplotype PROMO-G010101b/c linked with the HLA-G 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) haplotype UTR-4, which previously has been associated with positive IVF outcome and pregnancy success, was less frequent in the RIF group. For RIF patients carrying the UTR-4 haplotype, the odds ratio (OR) was 0.27 (95% CI 0.12-0.66; P = 0.0044, P c = 0.026). The HLA-G PROMO-G010104-UTR-3 haplotype was associated with an increased risk of RIF. For RIF patients carrying the UTR-3 haplotype, the OR was 5.86 (95% CI 1.52-26.23; P = 0.0115, P c = 0.069).

CONCLUSIONS: These results show that specific HLA-G haplotypes based on the promoter region and the 3'UTR are either associated with an increased risk of reduced fertility, including the manifestation of RIF, and lower chance of achieving pregnancy, or with a reduced risk of experiencing RIF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103225
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Issue number3
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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Copyright © 2023 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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