Metropolitan region of Copenhagen, Denmark: urban development since the 19th century and current metropolitan setting

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch


From 1650 to 1850, Copenhagen was not extended although its population rose steadily. A cholera epidemic finally led to the removal of the city fortification in 1856 and opened up for a construction boom in the closest suburbs.

The extension of tramlines and their electrifi cation in 1900 pushed the boundaries of the city further out. With the opening of the suburban train lines in 1934, the until today known finger structure was consolidated.

A regional strategy, the “Fingerplan”, incorporating this structure was elaborated in 1947, but individual motorisation eroded some of the principles. Still, the Fingerplan has had strong influence on the development of the region over the last decades, e.g. by the development of the western and south-western fingers. In 2007 the Fingerplan was incorporated in a contemporary version as a legal regional plan.

Since 2000 the region is connected by a fixed link to Malmö in Sweden, forming a cross-border region with around 3.5 mio. inhabitants.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventSpatial Development in Metropolitan Regions - ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Duration: 28 Aug 201131 Aug 2011


SeminarSpatial Development in Metropolitan Regions
CityETH Zürich

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