Exenatide enhanced the antitumor efficacy on PD-1 blockade by the attenuation of neutrophil extracellular traps

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Duo Chen
  • Qiaxuan Li
  • Hongxin Liang
  • Luyu Huang
  • Haiyu Zhou
  • Zheng, Xiang
  • Zheng Wang

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are extracellular webs of DNA, histones, and granular contents, such as myeloperoxidase (MPO) and elastase, which are released by neutrophils. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in NETs formation that promote tumor progress. Exenatide could downregulate ROS production in some cell types. However, it is unknown whether Exenatide could influence tumor progress through NETs. Here, we constructed the LLC-based lung cancer and MC38-based colon cancer models and found that Exenatide treatment decreased tumor infiltrated NETs and peripheral MPO-DNA complex and elastase. In addition, the in vitro study showed that Exenatide decreased NETs formation and release. Furthermore, flow cytometry analysis showed that Exenatide treatment reduced ROS production in tumor infiltrated and in vitro neutrophils. However, the ROS inhibitor DPI counteracted the decease of tumor infiltrated and in vitro NETs formation and release by Exenatide. Functionally, the Exenatide/αPD-1 combination therapy was superior to single therapy in restricting tumor growth. Removement of NETs by DNase I weaken the enhancement of αPD-1 treatment by Exenatide. The enriched tumor infiltrated, spleen and lymph node CD8+ T cells from combination therapy group secreted higher concentration of IFN-γ than single treatment. In addition, Exenatide exhibited no direct influence on IFN-γ secretion while purified NETs decreased IFN-γ secretion by CD8+ T cells. The rechallenge study showed that the combination therapy activated long-term tumor rejection. In summary, our findings suggested that Exenatide might be a promising therapeutic candidate for enhancing PD-1 blockade in tumor treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

    Research areas

  • Colon cancer, Exenatide, Lung cancer, Neutrophil extracellular traps, PD-1, Reactive oxygen species

ID: 312697178