## Entrainment of noise-induced and limit cycle oscillators under weak noise

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**Entrainment of noise-induced and limit cycle oscillators under weak noise.** / Mitarai, Namiko; Alon, Uri; Jensen, Mogens H.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review

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*Chaos*, vol. 23, no. 2, 023125. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4808253

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*Chaos*,

*23*(2), [023125]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4808253

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Entrainment of noise-induced and limit cycle oscillators under weak noise

AU - Mitarai, Namiko

AU - Alon, Uri

AU - Jensen, Mogens H

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - Theoretical models that describe oscillations in biological systems are often either a limit cycle oscillator, where the deterministic nonlinear dynamics gives sustained periodic oscillations, or a noise-induced oscillator, where a fixed point is linearly stable with complex eigenvalues, and addition of noise gives oscillations around the fixed point with fluctuating amplitude. We investigate how each class of models behaves under the external periodic forcing, taking the well-studied van der Pol equation as an example. We find that when the forcing is additive, the noise-induced oscillator can show only one-to-one entrainment to the external frequency, in contrast to the limit cycle oscillator which is known to entrain to any ratio. When the external forcing is multiplicative, on the other hand, the noise-induced oscillator can show entrainment to a few ratios other than one-to-one, while the limit cycle oscillator shows entrain to any ratio. The noise blurs the entrainment in general, but clear entrainment regions for limit cycles can be identified as long as the noise is not too strong.

AB - Theoretical models that describe oscillations in biological systems are often either a limit cycle oscillator, where the deterministic nonlinear dynamics gives sustained periodic oscillations, or a noise-induced oscillator, where a fixed point is linearly stable with complex eigenvalues, and addition of noise gives oscillations around the fixed point with fluctuating amplitude. We investigate how each class of models behaves under the external periodic forcing, taking the well-studied van der Pol equation as an example. We find that when the forcing is additive, the noise-induced oscillator can show only one-to-one entrainment to the external frequency, in contrast to the limit cycle oscillator which is known to entrain to any ratio. When the external forcing is multiplicative, on the other hand, the noise-induced oscillator can show entrainment to a few ratios other than one-to-one, while the limit cycle oscillator shows entrain to any ratio. The noise blurs the entrainment in general, but clear entrainment regions for limit cycles can be identified as long as the noise is not too strong.

U2 - 10.1063/1.4808253

DO - 10.1063/1.4808253

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23822490

VL - 23

JO - Chaos

JF - Chaos

SN - 1054-1500

IS - 2

M1 - 023125

ER -

ID: 90624586