Clinical characteristics and lipid lowering treatment of patients initiated on proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 inhibitors: a nationwide cohort study
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- Clinical characteristics and lipid lowering treatment of patients initiated on proprotein convertase subtilisinkexin type 9 inhibitors: a nationwide cohort study
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OBJECTIVES: Given the novelty of proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i), little is known regarding overall implementation or clinical characteristics among patients who initiate treatment. We aimed to assess the total number of patients initiated on PCSK9i along with a description of the clinical characteristics and lipid lowering treatment (LLT) of such patients.
SETTING: A register-based descriptive cohort study of patients receiving a PCSK9i in the time period from 01 January 2016 to 31 March 2017 using a cross linkage between three nationwide Danish registers. Information regarding PCSK9i prescriptions, patient demographics, concurrent pharmacotherapy, comorbidities and previous coronary procedures was identified.
RESULTS: Overall, 137 patients initiated treatment with PCSK9i in the study period from 11 in the first quarter of 2016 to 40 in the first quarter of 2017. The majority had a history of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) (67.9%) with ischaemic stroke and diabetes mellitus being present in 7.3% and 16.8% of patients, respectively. All patients initiated on PCSK9i had been previously prescribed statin treatment with atorvastatin and simvastatin being most frequently prescribed in 53% and 36% of patients, respectively. The majority of patients had received both statins and ezetimibe (94.9%) and approximately half of these patients had also received bile acid sequestrant (45.3%). Clinical characteristics mainly differed in patients receiving triple LLT compared with patients not receiving triple LLT in the regards of heart failure.
CONCLUSION: Patients treated with PCSK9i were rare, characterised by having IHD and had received various and intensive conventional LLT prior to PCSK9i initiation in agreement with current international guidelines.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2019
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