Blood donor genotyping for prediction of blood group antigens: Results from 5 years' experience (2017–2022)

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Background and Objectives: For 5 years, routine genotyping has been performed for selected blood groups of blood donors in the Copenhagen Capital Region, Denmark. The result is summarized in the following. Materials and Methods: Genotyping was carried out by an external service provider using the competitive allele specific PCR (KASP) technology. The genotypes were returned to the blood bank and translated into phenotypes by a proprietary IT application. Results: In total, 65 alleles from 16 blood group systems (ABO, MNS, Rh, Lutheran, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, Diego, Yt, Dombrock, Colton, Landsteiner-Wiener, Cromer, Knops, Vel, secretor status) and the HPA1, HPA5 and HPA15 antigens were interrogated. After translation, phenotypes were imported into the laboratory information management system of the blood bank. The results from 31,538 genotyped blood donors were used to calculate the allele frequencies for a Danish blood donor population. ABO genotyping was done for sample ID purposes. Determination of the 1061delC single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (NM_020469.2), most frequently characteristic of ABO*A2, was validated against a series of 1287 samples with Dolichos biflorus lectin determination of the A1 phenotype. Conclusion: We report allele frequencies and phenotype frequencies for 16 blood groups from a total of 31,538 genotyped blood donors. Blood products were supplied from a total of 64,312 active blood donors, and of these active blood donors 25,396 (39.5%) were genotyped. These donors represent a valuable resource for patient treatment. This genotyping has enabled the provision of rare genotyped donor blood for patients with alloantibodies and rare reagent cells for serology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalVox Sanguinis
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)980-987
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

    Research areas

  • blood donor, genotyping, transfusion

ID: 375053351