Antiarrhythmic effect of the Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channel inhibitor ICA combined with either amiodarone or dofetilide in an isolated heart model of atrial fibrillation

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Dose is an important parameter in terms of both efficacy and adverse effects in pharmacological treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Both of the class III antiarrhythmics dofetilide and amiodarone have documented anti-AF effects. While dofetilide has dose-related ventricular side effects, amiodarone primarily has adverse non-cardiac effects. Pharmacological inhibition of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channels has recently been reported to be antiarrhythmic in a number of animal AF models. In a Langendorff model of acutely induced AF on guinea pig hearts, it was investigated whether a combination of the SK channel blocker N-(pyridin-2-yl)-4-(pyridin-2-yl)thiazol-2-amine (ICA) together with either dofetilide or amiodarone provided a synergistic effect. The duration of AF was reduced with otherwise subefficacious concentrations of either dofetilide or amiodarone when combined with ICA, also at a subefficacious concentration. At a concentration level effective as monotherapy, dofetilide produced a marked increase in the QT interval. This QT prolonging effect was absent when combined with ICA at non-efficacious monotherapy concentrations. The results thereby reveal that combination of subefficacious concentrations of an SK channel blocker and either dofetilide or amiodarone can maintain anti-AF properties, while the risk of ventricular arrhythmias is reduced.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPfluegers Archiv
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1853–1863
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2016

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