A portable lightweight in situ analysis (LISA) box for ice and snow analysis

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There are enormous costs involved in transporting snow and ice samples to home laboratories for "simple"analyses in order to constrain annual layer thicknesses and identify accumulation rates of specific sites. It is well known that depositional noise, incurred from factors such as wind drifts, seasonally biased deposition and melt layers can influence individual snow and firn records and that multiple cores are required to produce statistically robust time series. Thus, at many sites, core samples are measured in the field for densification, but the annual accumulation and the content of chemical impurities are often represented by just one core to reduce transport costs. We have developed a portable "lightweight in situ analysis"(LISA) box for ice, firn and snow analysis that is capable of constraining annual layers through the continuous flow analysis of meltwater conductivity and hydrogen peroxide under field conditions. The box can run using a small gasoline generator and weighs less than 50 kg. The LISA box was tested under field conditions at the East Greenland Ice-core Project (EastGRIP) deep ice core drilling site in northern Greenland. Analysis of the top 2 m of snow from seven sites in northern Greenland allowed the reconstruction of regional snow accumulation patterns for the 2015-2018 period (summer to summer).

Original languageEnglish
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)3719-3730
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Helle Astrid Kjær et al.

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