Compatibility of quantum measurements and inclusion constants for the matrix jewel

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In this work, we establish the connection between the study of free spectrahedra and the compatibility of quantum measurements with an arbitrary number of outcomes. This generalizes previous results by the authors for measurements with two outcomes. Free spectrahedra arise from matricial relaxations of linear matrix inequalities. A particular free spectrahedron which we define in this work is the matrix jewel. We find that the compatibility of arbitrary measurements corresponds to the inclusion of the matrix jewel into a free spectrahedron defined by the effect operators of the measurements under study. We subsequently use this connection to bound the set of (asymmetric) inclusion constants for the matrix jewel using results from quantum information theory and symmetrization. The latter translate to new lower bounds on the compatibility of quantum measurements. Among the techniques we employ are approximate quantum cloning and mutually unbiased bases.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSIAM Journal on Applied Algebra and Geometry
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)255-296
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Algebraic convexity, Free spectrahedra, Polytope, Quantum cloning, Quantum measurement, Semidefinite relaxation

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