Theoretical development of information science: A brief history

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Documents

  • IPM

    Submitted manuscript, 162 KB, Word document

This paper presents a brief history of information science (IS) as viewed by the author. The term ‘information science’ goes back to 1955 and evolved in the aftermath of Claude Shannon’s ‘information theory’ (1948), which also inspired research into problems in fields of library science and documentation. These subjects were a main focus of what became established as ‘information science’, which from 1964 onwards was often termed ‘library and information science’ (LIS). However, the usefulness of Shannon’s information theory as the theoretical foundation of the field was been challenged. Among the strongest “paradigms” in the field is a tradition derived from the Cranfield experiments in the 1960s and the bibliometric research following the publication of Science Citation Index from 1963 and forward. Among the competing theoretical frameworks, ‘the cognitive view’ became influential from the 1970s. Today information science is very fragmented, but a growing number of researchers find that the problems in the field should be related to theories of knowledge and understood from a social and cultural perspective, thereby re-establishing connections with idea’s such as social epistemology which may have remained implicit in in the field much of the time.
Original languageEnglish
Journalx
Number of pages70
Publication statusSubmitted - 2017

Number of downloads are based on statistics from Google Scholar and www.ku.dk


No data available

ID: 113107871