Wheat-fibre-induced changes of postprandial peptide YY and ghrelin responses are not associated with acute alterations of satiety

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Martin O Weickert, Joachim Spranger, Jens Juul Holst, Bärbel Otto, Corinna Koebnick, Matthias Möhlig, Andreas F H Pfeiffer

Weight gain and risk of type 2 diabetes are inversely associated with a high intake of insoluble cereal fibres. Because nutrient-induced changes of 'satiety hormones' from the gut may play a role in this process, we evaluated the effects of purified insoluble fibres on postprandial responses of plasma peptide YY (PYY), serum ghrelin and satiety as secondary outcome measures of a study investigating effects of cereal fibres on parameters of glucose metabolism. Fourteen healthy women were studied on six occasions in a randomized, single-blind, controlled crossover design. After 24 h run-in periods and 10 h overnight fasts, subjects ingested isoenergetic and macronutrient matched portions of control white bread or fibre-enriched bread (wheat-fibre or oat-fibre) at 08.15 hours. Gut hormones and hunger scores were measured for 300 min. Basal PYY and ghrelin concentrations were not different between the test meals (P>0.15). Postprandial responses of PYY and ghrelin were blunted after the intake of wheat-fibre (total area under the curve (AUC) PYY, 177.9 (SEM 8.1) (pmol/l) min; P=0.016; ghrelin 51.0 (SEM 2.5) (pmol/l) min; P=0.003), but not after oat-fibre (PYY 226.7 (SEM 25.7) (pmol/l) min; P>0.15; ghrelin 46.2 (SEM 1.6) (pmol/l) min; P=0.127), compared to control (PYY 247.5 (SEM 25.6) (pmol/l) min; ghrelin 42.5 (SEM 1.3) (pmol/l) min). Postprandial hunger scores were unaffected by the different test meals (P>0.15). Thus, oat- and wheat-fibre consumption result in different postprandial responses of PYY and ghrelin, but interestingly do not differ in satiety effects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe British Journal of Nutrition
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)795-8
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

    Research areas

  • Avena sativa, Bread, Cross-Over Studies, Dietary Fiber, Female, Ghrelin, Humans, Hunger, Peptide Hormones, Peptide YY, Postprandial Period, Satiety Response, Single-Blind Method, Triticum

ID: 132050997