Verrucous Squamous Cell Cancer in the Esophagus: An Obscure Diagnosis

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C Egeland, M P Achiam, B Federspiel, L B Svendsen

Verrucous carcinoma is a rare, slow-growing type of squamous cell cancer. Fewer than 50 patients with verrucous carcinoma in the esophagus have been described worldwide. In 2014, two male patients were diagnosed with verrucous carcinoma in the distal part of the esophagus. The endoscopic examinations showed a similar wart-like, white, irregular mucosa in both cases. The diagnosis was difficult to make since all biopsies taken from the affected area showed no malignancy. This cancer type has a relatively good prognosis when the diagnosis is finally obtained. Both our patients presented with dysphagia, weight loss, and an endoscopically malignant tumor, but surgery was not performed until after 9 and 10 months, respectively, and then in order to get a diagnosis. At the last follow-up, both patients were without any recurrence of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCase Reports in Gastroenterology
Volume10
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)466-471
Number of pages6
ISSN1662-0631
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ID: 181024642