Unchanged gene expression of glycogen synthase in muscle from patients with NIDDM following sulphonylurea-induced improvement of glycaemic control

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We have previously shown that the mRNA expression of muscle glycogen synthase is decreased in non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) patients; the objective of the present protocol was to examine whether the gene expression of muscle glycogen synthase in NIDDM is affected by chronic sulphonylurea treatment. Ten obese patients with NIDDM were studied before and after 8 weeks of treatment with a weight-maintaining diet in combination with the sulphonylurea gliclazide. Gliclazide treatment was associated with significant reductions in HbA1C (p=0.001) and fasting plasma glucose (p=0.005) as well as enhanced beta-cell responses to an oral glucose load. During euglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp (2 mU x kg-1 x min-1) in combination with indirect calorimetry, a 35% (p=0.005) increase in whole-body insulin-stimulated glucose disposal rate, predominantly due to an increased non-oxidative glucose metabolism (p=0.02) was demonstrated in teh gliclazide-treated patients when compared to pre-treatment values. In biopsies obtained from vastus lateralis muscle during insulin infusion, the half-maximal activation of glycogen synthase was achieved at a significantly lower concentration of the allosteric activator glucose 6-phosphate (p=0.01). However, despite significant increases in both insulin-stimulated non-oxidative glucose metabolism and muscle glycogen synthase activation in gliclazide-treated patients no changes were found in levels of glycogen synthase mRNA or immunoreactive protein in muscle. In conclusion, improved blood glucose control in gliclazide-treated obese NIDDM patients has no impact on the gene expression of muscle glycogen synthase.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1230-8
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1995

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Animals, Base Sequence, Biopsy, Blood Glucose, C-Peptide, DNA Primers, DNA, Complementary, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Gene Expression, Gliclazide, Globins, Glucose Clamp Technique, Glucose Tolerance Test, Glycogen Synthase, Humans, Hyperinsulinism, Hypoglycemic Agents, Infusions, Intravenous, Insulin, Male, Middle Aged, Molecular Sequence Data, Muscle, Skeletal, Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Messenger, Rabbits

ID: 92193391