Theoretical Study of the NMR Chemical Shift of Xe in Supercritical Condition

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Evanildo Gomes Lacerda Junior, Stephan P. A. Sauer, Kurt Valentin Mikkelsen, Kaline Coutinho, Sylvio Canuto

In this work we investigate the level of theory necessary for reproducing the non-linear variation of the 129Xe nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shift with the density of Xe in supercritical conditions. In detail we study how the 129Xe chemical shift depends under these conditions on electron correlation, relativistic and many-body effects. The latter are included using a sequential-QM/MM methodology, in which a classical MD simulation is performed first and the chemical shift is then obtained as an average of quantum calculations of 250 MD snapshots conformations carried out for Xen clusters (n =2-8 depending on the density). The analysis of the relativistic effects is made at the level of 4-component Hartree-Fock calculations (4c-HF) and electron correlation effects are considered using second order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2). To simplify the calculations of the relativistic and electron correlation effects we adopted an additive scheme, where the calculations on the Xen clusters are carried out at the non-relativistic Hartree-Fock (HF) level, while electron correlation and relativistic corrections are added for all the pairs of Xe atoms in the clusters. Using this approach we obtain very good agreement with the experimental data, showing that the chemical shift of 129Xe in supercritical conditions is very well described by cluster calculations at the HF level, with small contributions from relativistic and electron correlation effects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number62
JournalJournal of Molecular Modeling
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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