The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns

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The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns. / Rahbek, Carsten.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2005, p. 224-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rahbek, C 2005, 'The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns', Ecology Letters, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 224-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x

APA

Rahbek, C. (2005). The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns. Ecology Letters, 8(2), 224-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x

Vancouver

Rahbek C. The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns. Ecology Letters. 2005;8(2):224-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x

Author

Rahbek, Carsten. / The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns. In: Ecology Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 224-239.

Bibtex

@article{1bd3c63074c311dbbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns",
abstract = "Despite two centuries of exploration, our understanding of factors determining the distribution of life on Earth is in many ways still in its infancy. Much of the disagreement about governing processes of variation in species richness may be the result of differences in our perception of species-richness patterns. Until recently, most studies of large-scale species-richness patterns assumed implicitly that patterns and mechanisms were scale invariant. Illustrated with examples and a quantitative analysis of published data on altitudinal gradients of species richness (n = 204), this review discusses how scale effects (extent and grain size) can influence our perception of patterns and processes. For example, a hump-shaped altitudinal species-richness pattern is the most typical (c. 50{\%}), with a monotonic decreasing pattern (c. 25{\%}) also frequently reported, but the relative distribution of patterns changes readily with spatial grain and extent. If we are to attribute relative impact to various factors influencing species richness and distribution and to decide at which point along a spatial and temporal continuum they act, we should not ask only how results vary as a function of scale but also search for consistent patterns in these scale effects. The review concludes with suggestions of potential routes for future analytical exploration of species-richness patterns.",
author = "Carsten Rahbek",
note = "KEYWORDS Altitudinal gradient • biogeography • grain size • latitudinal gradient • macroecology • predictive and null models • productivity gradient • spatial extent • spatial scale • species-richness pattern",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "224--239",
journal = "Ecology Letters",
issn = "1461-023X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns

AU - Rahbek, Carsten

N1 - KEYWORDS Altitudinal gradient • biogeography • grain size • latitudinal gradient • macroecology • predictive and null models • productivity gradient • spatial extent • spatial scale • species-richness pattern

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Despite two centuries of exploration, our understanding of factors determining the distribution of life on Earth is in many ways still in its infancy. Much of the disagreement about governing processes of variation in species richness may be the result of differences in our perception of species-richness patterns. Until recently, most studies of large-scale species-richness patterns assumed implicitly that patterns and mechanisms were scale invariant. Illustrated with examples and a quantitative analysis of published data on altitudinal gradients of species richness (n = 204), this review discusses how scale effects (extent and grain size) can influence our perception of patterns and processes. For example, a hump-shaped altitudinal species-richness pattern is the most typical (c. 50%), with a monotonic decreasing pattern (c. 25%) also frequently reported, but the relative distribution of patterns changes readily with spatial grain and extent. If we are to attribute relative impact to various factors influencing species richness and distribution and to decide at which point along a spatial and temporal continuum they act, we should not ask only how results vary as a function of scale but also search for consistent patterns in these scale effects. The review concludes with suggestions of potential routes for future analytical exploration of species-richness patterns.

AB - Despite two centuries of exploration, our understanding of factors determining the distribution of life on Earth is in many ways still in its infancy. Much of the disagreement about governing processes of variation in species richness may be the result of differences in our perception of species-richness patterns. Until recently, most studies of large-scale species-richness patterns assumed implicitly that patterns and mechanisms were scale invariant. Illustrated with examples and a quantitative analysis of published data on altitudinal gradients of species richness (n = 204), this review discusses how scale effects (extent and grain size) can influence our perception of patterns and processes. For example, a hump-shaped altitudinal species-richness pattern is the most typical (c. 50%), with a monotonic decreasing pattern (c. 25%) also frequently reported, but the relative distribution of patterns changes readily with spatial grain and extent. If we are to attribute relative impact to various factors influencing species richness and distribution and to decide at which point along a spatial and temporal continuum they act, we should not ask only how results vary as a function of scale but also search for consistent patterns in these scale effects. The review concludes with suggestions of potential routes for future analytical exploration of species-richness patterns.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 224

EP - 239

JO - Ecology Letters

JF - Ecology Letters

SN - 1461-023X

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 86853