The FOXO3A rs2802292 G-Allele Associates with Improved Peripheral and Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity and Increased Skeletal Muscle-FOXO3A mRNA Expression in Twins

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Karina Banasik, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Anette P Gjesing, Lise Wegner, Åsa Andersson, Pernille Poulsen, Anders Borglykke, Daniel R Witte, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Allan Vaag

Objective: The minor G-allele of FOXO3A rs2802292 has been associated with longevity. We aimed to investigate whether a phenotype related to healthy metabolic aging could be identified in individuals carrying the longevity-associated FOXO3A rs2802292 G-allele.

Research Design and Methods: rs2802292 was genotyped in a phenotypically well-characterized population of young and elderly twins (n = 190) and in the population-based Inter99 cohort (n = 5768). All participants underwent oral glucose tolerance tests, and the twin population was additionally examined with an iv glucose tolerance test and a hyperinsulinemic, euglycemic clamp. Basal and insulin-stimulated FOXO3A mRNA expression was assessed in skeletal muscle biopsies from the twin population.

Results: In the twin sample, carriers of the minor G-allele of rs2802292 showed reduced fasting plasma insulin [per allele effect (ß) = -13% (-24; -1) (95% confidence interval), P = 0.03] and lower incremental area under the curve 0–120 min for insulin after an oral glucose load [ß = -14% (-23; -5), P = 0.005]. The G-allele was associated with increased peripheral insulin action [glucose disposal rate clamp, ß = 0.85 mg · kgfat-free mass-1 · min-1 (0.049; 1.64), P = 0.04] and lower hepatic insulin resistance index [ß = -13% (-25; -1), P = 0.03]. Furthermore, carriers of the G-allele had increased basal FOXO3A mRNA expression in skeletal muscle compared with T-allele carriers [ß = 16% (0; 33), P = 0.047]. In the Inter99 sample, we found an association with reduced incremental area under the curve 0–120 min for insulin after an oral glucose load [ß = -3% (-5; -0.07), P = 0.04], but this association was not significant after adjustment for body mass index.

Conclusion: Our data indicate that the minor G-allele of FOXO3A rs2802292 is associated with enhanced peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity in our small twin cohort, which may be mediated through increased FOXO3A mRNA expression, although no major metabolic impact of rs2802292 was found in the large Inter99 cohort.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)E119-24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

    Research areas

  • Absorptiometry, Photon, Adult, Aged, Alleles, Area Under Curve, Blood Glucose, Body Composition, Female, Forkhead Transcription Factors, Genotype, Glucose Clamp Technique, Glucose Tolerance Test, Humans, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Liver, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle, Skeletal, RNA, Messenger, Twins

ID: 38335126