The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies.

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The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. / Als, Thomas D; Vila, Roger; Kandul, Nikolai P; Nash, David R; Yen, Shen-Horn; Hsu, Yu-Feng; Mignault, André A; Boomsma, Jacobus J; Pierce, Naomi E.

In: Nature, Vol. 432, No. 7015, 2004, p. 386-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Als, TD, Vila, R, Kandul, NP, Nash, DR, Yen, S-H, Hsu, Y-F, Mignault, AA, Boomsma, JJ & Pierce, NE 2004, 'The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies.', Nature, vol. 432, no. 7015, pp. 386-90. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03020

APA

Als, T. D., Vila, R., Kandul, N. P., Nash, D. R., Yen, S-H., Hsu, Y-F., ... Pierce, N. E. (2004). The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. Nature, 432(7015), 386-90. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03020

Vancouver

Als TD, Vila R, Kandul NP, Nash DR, Yen S-H, Hsu Y-F et al. The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. Nature. 2004;432(7015):386-90. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03020

Author

Als, Thomas D ; Vila, Roger ; Kandul, Nikolai P ; Nash, David R ; Yen, Shen-Horn ; Hsu, Yu-Feng ; Mignault, André A ; Boomsma, Jacobus J ; Pierce, Naomi E. / The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. In: Nature. 2004 ; Vol. 432, No. 7015. pp. 386-90.

Bibtex

@article{e53be000d89711dcbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies.",
abstract = "Large blue (Maculinea) butterflies are highly endangered throughout the Palaearctic region, and have been the focus of intense conservation research. In addition, their extraordinary parasitic lifestyles make them ideal for studies of life history evolution. Early instars consume flower buds of specific host plants, but later instars live in ant nests where they either devour the brood (predators), or are fed mouth-to-mouth by the adult ants (cuckoos). Here we present the phylogeny for the group, which shows that it is a monophyletic clade nested within Phengaris, a rare Oriental genus whose species have similar life histories. Cuckoo species are likely to have evolved from predatory ancestors. As early as five million years ago, two Maculinea clades diverged, leading to the different parasitic strategies seen in the genus today. Contrary to current belief, the two recognized cuckoo species show little genetic divergence and are probably a single ecologically differentiated species. On the other hand, some of the predatory morphospecies exhibit considerable genetic divergence and may contain cryptic species. These findings have important implications for conservation and reintroduction efforts. Udgivelsesdato: 2004-Nov-18",
author = "Als, {Thomas D} and Roger Vila and Kandul, {Nikolai P} and Nash, {David R} and Shen-Horn Yen and Yu-Feng Hsu and Mignault, {Andr{\'e} A} and Boomsma, {Jacobus J} and Pierce, {Naomi E}",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Ants; Bayes Theorem; Butterflies; Evolution; Female; Flowers; Host-Parasite Interactions; Life Cycle Stages; Likelihood Functions; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Predatory Behavior; Time Factors",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1038/nature03020",
language = "English",
volume = "432",
pages = "386--90",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "7015",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies.

AU - Als, Thomas D

AU - Vila, Roger

AU - Kandul, Nikolai P

AU - Nash, David R

AU - Yen, Shen-Horn

AU - Hsu, Yu-Feng

AU - Mignault, André A

AU - Boomsma, Jacobus J

AU - Pierce, Naomi E

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Ants; Bayes Theorem; Butterflies; Evolution; Female; Flowers; Host-Parasite Interactions; Life Cycle Stages; Likelihood Functions; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Predatory Behavior; Time Factors

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Large blue (Maculinea) butterflies are highly endangered throughout the Palaearctic region, and have been the focus of intense conservation research. In addition, their extraordinary parasitic lifestyles make them ideal for studies of life history evolution. Early instars consume flower buds of specific host plants, but later instars live in ant nests where they either devour the brood (predators), or are fed mouth-to-mouth by the adult ants (cuckoos). Here we present the phylogeny for the group, which shows that it is a monophyletic clade nested within Phengaris, a rare Oriental genus whose species have similar life histories. Cuckoo species are likely to have evolved from predatory ancestors. As early as five million years ago, two Maculinea clades diverged, leading to the different parasitic strategies seen in the genus today. Contrary to current belief, the two recognized cuckoo species show little genetic divergence and are probably a single ecologically differentiated species. On the other hand, some of the predatory morphospecies exhibit considerable genetic divergence and may contain cryptic species. These findings have important implications for conservation and reintroduction efforts. Udgivelsesdato: 2004-Nov-18

AB - Large blue (Maculinea) butterflies are highly endangered throughout the Palaearctic region, and have been the focus of intense conservation research. In addition, their extraordinary parasitic lifestyles make them ideal for studies of life history evolution. Early instars consume flower buds of specific host plants, but later instars live in ant nests where they either devour the brood (predators), or are fed mouth-to-mouth by the adult ants (cuckoos). Here we present the phylogeny for the group, which shows that it is a monophyletic clade nested within Phengaris, a rare Oriental genus whose species have similar life histories. Cuckoo species are likely to have evolved from predatory ancestors. As early as five million years ago, two Maculinea clades diverged, leading to the different parasitic strategies seen in the genus today. Contrary to current belief, the two recognized cuckoo species show little genetic divergence and are probably a single ecologically differentiated species. On the other hand, some of the predatory morphospecies exhibit considerable genetic divergence and may contain cryptic species. These findings have important implications for conservation and reintroduction efforts. Udgivelsesdato: 2004-Nov-18

U2 - 10.1038/nature03020

DO - 10.1038/nature03020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 432

SP - 386

EP - 390

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7015

ER -

ID: 2688708